Friday, June 9, 2023

Attackers flood NPM repositories with over 15,000 spam packages containing phishing hyperlinks

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In an ongoing assault on the open supply ecosystem, over 15,000 spam packages flooded npm repositories attempting to distribute phishing hyperlinks.

“The packages have been created utilizing an automatic course of, and the challenge descriptions and auto-generated names have been similar to one another,” Checkmarx researcher Yehuda Gelb mentioned in a report Tuesday. I am right here.

“The attackers used referral IDs to browse retail web sites and revenue from the referral rewards they earned.”

The modus operandi concerned polluting the registry with malicious packages containing hyperlinks to phishing campaigns of their recordsdata, paying homage to an identical marketing campaign printed by a software program provide chain safety agency in December 2022. improve.

The faux modules used packages named ‘free-tiktok-followers’, ‘free-xbox-codes’ and ‘instagram-followers-free’ to masquerade as cheats and free sources.

The final word objective of this operation is to trick customers into downloading packages and clicking hyperlinks to phishing websites with false guarantees of extra followers on social media platforms.

“The misleading webpages are well-designed and in some circumstances even embrace faux interactive chats through which customers seem like receiving sport cheats or displaying promised followers.” defined Gelb.

NPM repository

These web sites encourage victims to finish surveys, paving the way in which for additional investigations or redirecting them to professional e-commerce portals like AliExpress.

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The packages have been mentioned to have been uploaded to npm from a number of consumer accounts inside hours of February 20-21, 2023, utilizing a Python script that automated your entire course of.

Moreover, this Python script can be designed so as to add a hyperlink to an npm bundle printed on a WordPress web site operated by a menace actor claiming to supply cheats for Household Island.

That is achieved through the use of the selenium Python bundle to work together with the web site and make the mandatory modifications.

General, using automation allowed the attackers to publish numerous packages in a brief period of time. To not point out creating a number of consumer accounts for her to cover the size of the assault.

“This exhibits the sophistication and dedication of those actors who have been keen to speculate vital sources to hold out this marketing campaign,” mentioned Gelb.

The findings as soon as once more spotlight the challenges in securing the software program provide chain as attackers proceed to adapt to “new and surprising methods.”


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